HIV Duo (Antigen And Antibody)
HIV ag/ab combo
What is HIV Combo Test?
This HIV DUO test helps detect anti-HIV 1 and anti-HIV-2 total immunoglobulins plus HIV-1 p24 antigen. The advantage of testing for p24 is that this indicator of HIV infection can be detected earlier than with tests that only looked for HIV antibodies. This HIV DUO test, including p24 antigen, is considered 99.8 percent accurate at 28 days. However, this accuracy increases to 99.9 percent at 90 days after potential contact.
What are the types of HIV?
It is the common type of HIV found among people across the world. Mostly 95% of people are affected with Type 1. HIV 1 virus destroys the CD4 cells which results in damaging your immune system. These cells are responsible for fighting infections in your body. Hence, you are left with a weak immune system that may result to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in an advanced stage.
It is rarely found in people as the growth of this virus is very slow and takes more time to be transmitted to a person. HIV 2 is a rare type of virus that is rarely found in Indian people. Most affected lot belongs to West Africa.
What are various stages of HIV infection?
HIV symptoms occur through 3 stages over a period of time.
First Stage is referred as Acute HIV infection. In this stage the patients are not aware of being infected with HIV in the initial stage. And the symptoms are to that of Flu infection such as:
Second Stage is referred as Chronic HIV infection. Once your immune system has been infected with HIV, the flu symptoms will fade away. Hence, doctors call this stage as asymptomatic or clinical latent period. During this stage the infected person has the potential to pass the virus to another person. Also, this stage last for 10 years in a person.
Third Stage is referred as AIDS. This is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. This stage even shows visible symptoms:
- Swollen lymph nodes (neck and groin)
- Night sweats
- Feeling of tiredness all the time
- Sudden weight loss
- Fever lasts beyond 10 days
- Shortness of breathe
- Yeast infection (mouth, throat, vagina)
- Severe diarrhea
- Unexplained bleeding
How HIV transmitted?
The disease is transmitted from one person to another through modes of blood transfusion, anal or vaginal sex, usage of contaminated needles, drug injection, childbirth, from mother to infant during pregnancy, piercing and tattooing .
Why HIV test is important?
Screening of the HIV test is the only way to find out if a person is infected with HIV virus. The reason behind the screening of HIV test if in doubt as the symptoms show up very late in a person’s body. It can take years for the symptoms to appear in most of the cases.
HIV Combo Test
- Overnight fasting is not required
- Doctor’s prescription may be needed
- The normal test result may vary depending on gender, health history, etc.
- Signature of the patient on the HIV consent form is compulsory.
Also known as, hiv combo test, hiv test combo, hiv combo elisa, hiv elisa combo, hiv ag/ab combo, hiv-1/2 ag/ab combo test, hiv 1 2 ag ab combo test
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